Quantum Computing Inc. Reports Third Quarter and Nine Months 2023 Financial Results

LEESBURG, Virginia – November 13, 2023 – Quantum Computing Inc. (“QCi”, “we”, “our” or the “Company”) (Nasdaq: QUBT), an innovative, quantum optics and nanophotonics technology company, today announced its financial results for the three and nine-months periods ended September 30, 2023.

Robert Liscouski, co-Founder, CEO & Chairman of QCi, commented, “We achieved significant progress since the acquisition of QPhoton less than 17 months ago and we have continued that momentum thus far in 2023.  To date, QCi has announced five product releases, expanded manufacturing capacity and begun the buildout of our quantum chip facility, which establishes the roadmap for future product design, development and sales of a variety of lithium niobate chips in 2024, including physical unclonable function (PUF) and electro-optic modulator (EOM) chips.  We have secured multiple initial testing contracts with government agencies, initiated a growing number of proof of concepts, which we believe could develop into future contracts, established our first collaborations and sales teaming agreements and just several days ago, received our first hardware sales – commencing product delivery.  In addition, we have been in various stages of testing with several large organizations during 2023.  At some juncture, the increasing testing hurdles with these enterprises will reach a final round with potentially large rewards.  QCi is amid several such engagements, having successfully passed several testing rounds during 2023, and is cautiously optimistic waiting next steps.”  Mr. Liscouski added, “We continued to significantly reduce our liabilities during the third quarter, which have decreased by over 78% through September 2023, maintained tight financial controls, holding our monthly operating cash expense levels consistent month after month, while rolling out our business development, marketing and sales plans to facilitate a multi-product release effort. We are planning for a robust 2024.” 

Third Quarter and Nine Months 2023 Financial Highlights



  • Third quarter 2023 revenues totaled approximately $50,000 (53.0% gross margin) compared to $38,000 (33.9% gross margin) generated in the third quarter 2022 and $112,000 (54.4% gross margin) revenue for the second quarter 2023.  Revenue to date has been derived from professional services provided to multiple government and commercial customers under multi-month contracts.  Going forward with the commencement of delivery of our hardware products announced in mid-fourth quarter 2023, we anticipate a revenue mix of hardware and professional services.
  • For the first nine months of 2023, revenues totaled approximately $283,000, an increase of 111% over the prior year nine-month period.  The Company has only recently entered its commercialization phase and anticipated revenues to be minimal during 2023; however, as contracted testing and a backlog of proof-of-concept projects demonstrate positive results, the Company anticipates increasing revenue for the remainder of the year and material increases in 2024.

Operating Expenses:

  • Third quarter 2023 operating expenses totaled $7.7 million compared to the previous year’s third quarter operating expenses of $6.8 million and $3.9 million for the second quarter 2023. The $847,000 year-over-year increase in expenses is due to an overall increase in personnel as well as an increase in R&D reflecting significant new product development, offset by a decrease in intangible amortization related to the QPhoton merger.  The $3.8 million increase in operating expenses compared with the second quarter of 2023 is mainly due to an adjustment in intangible asset amortization related to the QPhoton merger, which was posted in the second quarter, offset in part by an increase in technical labor expense in the third quarter.
  • Operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, totaled $19.5 million, an increase of approximately $1.2 million over the prior year nine-month period principally due to an increase in R&D of $1.7 million driven by hardware team’s product development and testing of new hardware products, an $892,000 increase in compensation due to additional personnel, partially offset by a $1.2 million decrease in other selling, general & administrative expenses driven by lower legal expenses related to the QPhoton merger and adjustments to intangible amortization as well as a 35% reduction in outside consultants as responsibilities are shifted internally.
  • The Company’s average monthly operating cash burn during the third quarter of 2023 was approximately $1.6 million, an increase of $170,000 or roughly 11.9% over the prior year’s third quarter results, and a decrease of approximately $90,000, or 5.6%, compared to the average monthly operating cash burn for the second quarter 2023.  The year-over-year increase in monthly cash burn is primarily due to additional quantum engineering hires and operational support staff. The level of monthly cash expenditure for operations is expected to hold relatively steady for the foreseeable future.

Net Results:

  • The Company reported a net loss of $8.3 million, or $(0.11) per basic share for the third quarter of 2023, compared to a net loss of $7.6 million or $(0.22) per basic share for the same period of the previous year.  The $707,000 year-over-year increased net loss is primarily due to an increase in operating expenses offset by a $125,000 increase in interest income related to the Company’s cash invested in a highly liquid money market fund.   The Company’s third quarter losses increased approximately $3.6 million compared to second quarter 2023 due largely to adjustments related to the QPhoton acquisition.
  • For the nine-months of 2023, the net loss totaled $21.4 million, or $(0.29) per basic share, compared to a net loss of $19.8 million, or $(0.58) per basic share in the prior year’s nine-month period. The increase in net loss is largely due to the increase in operating expenses as well as an increase in interest expense and financing costs. As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s tax loss carryforwards was approximately $13.1 million.

Balance Sheet


  • Total assets held consistent year-to-date at $89.3 million.  As of September 30, 2023, cash and cash equivalents increased $2.1 million from year-end 2022 to $7.4 million, which excludes capital allocated to the note receivable and associated interest of approximately $543,000 invested to secure the Company’s right of first refusal to potentially acquire millionways, Inc. (“millionways”). Since the beginning of 2023, the Company repaid debt and accrued interest of approximately $4.8 million and made $2.0 million in equipment deposits and expenses related to the new Arizona chip foundry.  The net increase in cash and cash equivalents reflects $23.5 million (average share price $1.53) in capital secured from the Company’s At the Market (ATM) offering year-to-date.


  • Total liabilities decreased approximately $6.3 million to approximately $8.1 million compared to year-end 2022, driven primarily by the Company’s monthly repayment of its debt, and sizable reduction in accrued expenses reflecting the issuance of restricted stock grants. As of September 30, 2023, the Company held no long-term debt and approximately $4.5 million in unsecured short-term promissory notes.

Shareholders’ Equity:  

  • As of June 30, 2023, the Company had positive shareholder equity totaling $81.2 million, an 8.5% increase from December 31, 2022.


  • As of September 30, 2023, the Company had approximately 75.1 million shares of common stock outstanding, an increase of approximately 7.9 million shares from the previous quarter.  This increase is attributed to the sale of shares through the (ATM) facility exercised early in the quarter and 1.5 million in restricted stock grants with a five-year vesting period to five key technical staff employees as long-term incentive bonuses that were issued in satisfaction of an accrued expense totaling $2 million booked in the prior quarter. As of November 10, 2023, the Company has approximately $76.5 million of capacity remaining on its shelf registration statement on Form S-3 that was declared effective November 8, 2022. The Company’s common stock outstanding on November 10, 2023 totals approximately 75.1 million shares.  
  • The Company’s fully diluted shares, as of September 30, 2023, totaled approximately 96.6 million, which included 13.6 million stock options of which approximately 58% have vested (average exercise price $2.72), 1.6 million warrants (average exercise price $6.93), 4.8 million cashless warrants to pre-merger shareholders of QPhoton, and 1.6 million shares underlying Series A Preferred stock (on an as converted basis). In the event all options and cash warrants were to be exercised, the Company would receive roughly an additional $48 million in cash. 

Subsequent Financial Developments:

  • From October 1, 2023, through November 10, 2023, the Company repaid $1.5 million of principal and accrued interest on the Company’s unsecured note for a cumulative total repayment of $6.25 million.  As of November 10, 2023, the Company’s remaining principal and accrued interest on the unsecured short-term promissory notes totals approximately $2.8 million.

Third Quarter 2023 Operational Highlights

Leadership Appointments:

  • Dr. Javad Shabani, a recognized expert and thought leader in quantum materials and devices at the forefront of product development, was appointed as the fourth member to the QCi Technical Advisory Board.  He joins U.S. intelligence community veteran and technology strategist The Honorable James Simon, Jr., (Advisory Board chair), cryptography expert Dr. Brian LaMacchia, and disruptive technology specialist Lewis Shepherd to guide strategic and effective commercialization of QCi product rollouts. Dr. Shabani is an associate professor of physics and Director of the Center for Quantum Information Physics at New York University.  Previously he conducted postdoctoral research at California NanoSystems Institute which led to his position as Project Scientist, where Dr. Shabani worked closely with Microsoft research on hybrid semiconductors and superconductors heterostructures to study topological superconductivity. Dr. Shabani is well published and an inventor with several U.S. patents focused on qubit architecture and fabrication.Dr. Shabani received his B.S. in Physics and Engineering from Sharif University of Technology, M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from UC Santa Cruz, M.A. and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Princeton University, and a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Physics at Harvard University. Dr. Shabani is also an active member of quantum education and workforce development in the New York area. 

Contract Announcement:

New Product Launch: 

  • During July 2023, the Company expanded its commercially available product line to include its first-in-a-series Quantum Photonic Vibrometer, a proprietary, powerful instrument for remote vibration detection, sensing and inspection. This device is the first quantum accelerated photonics vibrometer available in the market today and offers significant advancements in sensitivity, speed and resolution.  The Quantum Photonic Vibrometer is capable of discerning – for the first time – highly obscured and non-line-of-sight objects.  Military and commercial applications are numerous in the areas of material recognition, enhanced surveillance, infrastructure integrity and preventive industrial maintenance – all at safe distances and requiring minimal energy/optical power. During September 2023, the Company successfully validated the vibrometer’s (called QpDAR for military applications) unprecedented ability to detect landmines and unexploded ordnances from surface level to depths up to 30-inches. 

Patent Award:

  • On July 25, 2023, the Company’s Chief Quantum Officer (inventor), the Company’s Director of Quantum Hardware (inventor), and the Trustees of the Stevens Institute of Technology (assignee) were named on a patent that was granted U.S. approval.  Quantum Computing Inc. has perpetual, exclusive rights to utilize the patent.  The patent, which was previously granted early 2023 in Europe and China, addresses unconditional network security, including a method for quantum authentication. This breakthrough patent fills a critical security breach vulnerability by offering a way to effectively protect information in a zero-trust environment and thereby safeguarding an entire network at all points of slippage. Designed to be compatible with existing fiber-based communication infrastructure and satellite-based networks, the patent is a broad use award based on a fundamental methodology for secure networking among multiple parties, uniquely combining authentication and encryption in a single step.


  • September 2023, The Company’s federal subsidiary, Qi Solutions (QIS), signed a five-year Overarching Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (OCRADA) with U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) to develop quantum technology applications in support of USSOCOM programs.  USSOCOM is the premier entity of the U.S. Department of Defense that deploys the world’s latest technology to conduct global special operations and activities as part of the Joint Force, in concert with the U.S. government interagency, allies, and partners.  QIS will work with USSOCOM’s Science & Technology Directorate on the development of advanced quantum solutions for use by Special Operations Forces in their unique mission roles. 

Commercial Proof of Concepts, Beta Tests and System Users Update:

  • QCi is offering Cloud access to its Dirac-1 and Dirac-2 Entropy Quantum Computers to parties who are working on large quadratic binary and integer optimization problems and use cases for critical applications. This “concierge” program enables end users to develop operational uses in cooperation with a QCi Application Scientist before converting to a subscription. Since onboarding our first end user in the second quarter 2023, six additional have been onboarded in the 3rd and 4th quarters, with more expected before the end of 2023.
  • The Company expanded its 2021 CRADA with Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to include the use of Dirac-1 Entropy Quantum Computer to test a suite of use cases. This expansion permits LANL to evaluate use cases at a problem size and complexity that has previously only been demonstrable using classical computers. 
  • One of the largest U.S. insurance carriers took part in experiments to determine whether QCi’s photonic quantum computing could detect and/or predict variations in its systems that could compromise its network, impairing its customer service and operational efficiency. That same carrier is now engaged in testing a use case related to optimizing advertising expenses. 
  • QCi’s Dirac-1 system successfully identified optimal time, speed and route through varying obstructions for drone aircraft for Virginia Innovation Partnership Corporation.  QCi is currently working to expand this program toward a field demonstration using QCi’s Dirac-1 system with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
  • The Company is continuously engaged in a number of beta test use cases to demonstrate the effectiveness of its computing capabilities, including:
    • Inventory purchase optimization in supply chain
    • Machine learning models to classify substances using spectroscopy data
  • Intrusion detection within security networks, vehicle routing and payload optimization

         Manufacturing Expansion and Chip Foundry Developments:

  • The Company selected ASU Research Park in Tempe, Arizona as the location for its new quantum photonic chips foundry to produce Thin Film Lithium Niobate chips.  QCi’s goal is to accelerate its research and development in nanophotonics and to fabricate optical chips for use in its high-performance computing, machine learning, cyber security, sensing, and imaging products. Lithium niobate nanophotonic circuits (quantum chips) deliver heightened scalability and performance advantages such as speed, accuracy, and ultra low electric power consumption. Expansion into Arizona represents a strategic initiative for the Company due to the State’s leadership in the field of optics, its early recognition of the importance of advanced photonic research, and the presence of numerous State and U.S. Government entities interested in exploring mission-ready quantum computing and related technologies The location QCi chose for its new facility is on five acres within the extensive 320-acre research park hosted by ASU, a global leader in academic microelectronics research. To date, QCi has placed deposits for the procurement of critical long-lead equipment and paid other related expenses of approximately $2 million. The Company begins the buildout of the facility during fourth quarter 2023, a portion of which will be funded by the landlord.  In addition, the Company qualifies for multiple funding initiatives through state and federal grants and ultra low interest rate loans, including the $113.2 billion CHIPS and Science Act of 2022.  QCi anticipates that its chip manufacturing will commence first half of 2024, initially with singly purposed chips, followed by mass-producing quantum photonics chips with complex nanophotonic circuits in late 2024/early 2025.  In addition to use in QCi’s products, the Company is assessing plans to sell chips via distributors for general sale to the market as well.  The PUF and EOM chips market opportunity is significant, and it is the company’s expectation that it will generate sales of both chips in 2024.  

Subsequent Operational Developments and Outlook

Contract and Purchase Order Announcements:

Product Demonstration and Validation: 

  • On October 3, 2023, the Company’s federal subsidiary, Qi Solutions, announced that it demonstrated unprecedented ability to detect landmines up to 2.5 feet below dense underground surface. The successful validation of Quantum Photonic Detection and Ranging (QpDAR) VX3, conducted over several days in September in a field environment, mimicking real-world conditions – showed the ability of the VX3 sensor to harness Quantum Single Photon Detection to detect landmines and unexploded ordnances from surface level to depths up to 30-inches. Landmines are a pervasive legacy of war that kill thousands of innocent civilians every year. According to United Nations News, there are currently approximately 70 countries and territories contaminated by roughly 110 million landmines. In many of the most affected areas of the world, where agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, landmines were planted in fields, forests, around wells, water sources and hydroelectric installations, making the farmland unusable or usable only at great risk.  NATO, Department of State humanitarian programs, and multiple countries in Europe and Southeast Asia have commenced engagements to bring this technology to the field immediately.


  • To date, the Company has announced five products, secured initial testing contracts with Government agencies, engaged in a growing number of proof of concepts, established collaborations and sales teaming agreements and, just last week, received its first hardware sales with product delivery scheduled in the fourth quarter. The Company anticipates a gradual revenue increase for the remainder of the year, accelerating into heightened growth starting in early 2024.  

For additional information on the company’s suite of solutions, please visit our website or contact our team directly.

About Quantum Computing Inc. (QCi) 

Quantum Computing Inc. (QCi) (Nasdaq: QUBT) is an innovative, quantum optics and nanophotonics technology company on a mission to accelerate the value of quantum computing for real-world business solutions, delivering the future of quantum computing, today. The company provides accessible and affordable solutions with real-world industrial applications, using nanophotonic-based quantum entropy that can be used anywhere and with little to no training, operates at normal room temperatures, low power and is not burdened with unique environmental requirements. QCi is competitively advantaged delivering its quantum solutions at greater speed, accuracy, and security at less cost. QCi’s core nanophotonic-based technology is applicable to both quantum computing as well as quantum intelligence, cybersecurity, sensing and imaging solutions, providing QCi with a unique position in the marketplace. QCi’s core entropy computing capability, the Dirac series, delivers solutions for both binary and integer-based optimization problems using over 11,000 qubits for binary problems and over 1000 (n=64) qubits for integer-based problems, each of which are the highest number of variables and problem size available in quantum computing today. Using the Company’s core quantum methodologies, QCi has developed specific quantum applications for AI, cybersecurity and remote sensing, including its Reservoir Photonic Computer series (intelligence), reprogrammable and non-repeatable Quantum Random Number Generator (cybersecurity) and LiDAR and Vibrometer (sensing) products.  For more information about QCi, visit www.quantumcomputinginc.com.

About Qi Solutions (QIS)

Qi Solutions, a wholly owned subsidiary of Quantum Computing Inc., is a supplier of quantum technology solutions and services to the government and defense industries. With a team of qualified and cleared staff, QIS delivers a range of solutions from entropy quantum computing to quantum communications and sensing, backed by expertise in logistics, manufacturing, R&D and training. The company is exclusively focused on delivering tailored solutions for partners in various government departments and agencies.

Media and Investor Contact:

Jessica Tocco – CEO

A10 Associates 

(765) 210-0875


Important Cautions Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements as defined within Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  By their nature, forward-looking statements and forecasts involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will occur in the near future.  Those statements include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of QCi and members of its management as well as the assumptions on which such statements are based.  Prospective investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. 

QCi undertakes no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed conditions.  Statements in this press release that are not descriptions of historical facts are forward-looking statements relating to future events, and as such all forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Statements may contain certain forward-looking statements pertaining to future anticipated or projected plans, performance and developments, as well as other statements relating to future operations and results. Words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intends,” “goal,” “objective,” “seek,” “attempt,” “aim to,” or variations of these or similar words, identify forward-looking statements.  These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in Item 1A in QCi’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and other factors as may periodically be described in QCi’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 

*** Financial Statements Follow ***

  Quantum Computing Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheet
    September 30, 2023  December 31, 2022   
     Current assets         
          Cash and cash equivalents$ 7,379,362 $5,308,466   
          Account receivable  2,435  12,774   
          Prepaid expenses  167,201  224,302   
          Loans receivable  543,178     
          Other current assets  17,339  42,105   
               Subtotal current assets  8,109,515  5,587,647   
     Fixed assets (net of depreciation)  2,958,287  975,169   
     Other Assets         
          Lease right-of-use  1,115,397  1,327,746   
          Security deposits  129,045  60,271   
          Intangible assets-net of amortization  12,099,013  22,223,725   
          Goodwill  64,921,294  59,125,773   
               Subtotal Other assets  78,264,749  82,737,515   
     Total Assets$ 89,332,551 $89,300,331   
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)         
     Current Liabilities         
          Accounts payable$ 1,130,739 $871,887   
          Accrued expenses  1,030,357  3,559,981   
          Deferred revenue  12,000     
          Lease liability  1153,868  1,357,924   
          Dividends payable-preferred  215,119  219,844   
          Loans payable-short term  4,512,718  535,684   
          Accrued interest – short term  34,125     
               Current liabilities – subtotal          8,088,926  6,545,320   
     Long term liabilities         
          Loans payable-long term    7,632,998   
          Accrued interest – long term    225,282   
               Long term liabilities – subtotal     7,858,280   
     Total Liabilities  8,088,926  14,403,600   
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)         
      Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized:                 75,094,943 and 55,963,334 shares issued and outstanding as of         
September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.  7,510  5,596    
      Preferred stock, $0.0001par value, 1,550,000 shares Series A convertible   Preferred Authorized: 1,490,004 and 1,500,004 shares issued and          
 outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022,         
 3,079,864 shares of Series B Preferred Stock Authorized,         
 0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and         
 December 31, 2022, respectively.  149  150   
          Additional paid-in capital  170,479,502  151,163,909   
          APIC-Beneficial Conversion Feature in Equity  4,898,835  4,898,835   
          APIC-Stock Based Compensation  47,269,914  38,816,022   
          Accumulated deficit  (141,412,285)  (119,987,781)   
               Total Stockholders’ Equity (deficit)   81,243,476  74,896,731   
          Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $ 89,332,551 $89,300,331   
                  Quantum Computing Inc. 
                          Consolidated Statement of Operations 
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 30, September 30,
 2023 2022 2023 2022
Total revenues $50,435 $37,646 $283,154 $134,370
Cost of revenues 23,721  24,891  131,117  41,692
Gross profit  26,714  12,755  152,037  92,678
Operating expenses           
   Salaries and benefits 1,456,770  1,299,587  3,441,092  3,776,324
   Consulting 196,178  297,107  604,499  923,620
   Research & development 1,698,399  1,266,489  4,817,707  3,141,520
   Stock based compensation 1,977,671  1,261,969  5,893,296  4,665,631
   Selling General and Administrative 2,365,213  2,721,596  4,709,564  5,936,871
   Total operating expenses 7,694,231  6,846,748  19,466,158  18,443,966
 Loss from operations (7,667,517)  (6,833,993)   (19,314,121)  (18,351,288))
Other income (expenses)           
   Interest income  125,718  1,160  218,698  45,187
   Interest expense – Promissory Notes      128,419  18,320  528,564  18,320
   Interest expense – Preferred dividends 215,119  223,125         645,952  669,375
   Interest expense – Financing expenses 390,582  495,000  1,154,565  813,750
   Other income (expenses), net (608,402)  (735,285)  (2,110,383)  (1,456,258)
Income tax provision       
Net loss $(8,275,919) $(7,569,278) $(21,424,504) $(19,807,546)
Per-share data           
    Weighted average shares – basic 75,094,943  33,904,329  75,094,943  33,904,329
    Weighted average shares – diluted 96,646,401  68,903,577  96,646,401  68,903,577
Loss per share – basic$(0.11) $(0.22) $(0.29) $(0.58)
Loss per share – diluted$(0.09) $(0.11) $(0.22) $(0.29)


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